Intracytoplasmic sperm injection or microinjection is the specialized form of assisted reproductive technology used to treat sperm-related infertility. The technique is performed parallel with IVF treatment and involves injecting single sperm directly into a mature egg. The resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus to initiate pregnancy.
ICSI is one of the most cost-effective and revolutionary technologies that offer new hope to couples who cannot conceive.
As mentioned earlier, ICSI is recommended explicitly to couples where the male partners have the following infertility problems:
In addition, the procedure is helpful in cases such as:
As ICSI is performed as part of an IVF procedure, the process is described in detail under the IVF treatment section. However, it involves the following steps:
After that, the pregnancy proceeds normally. The other embryos are frozen for later use.
Remember that ICSI may not always guarantee successful fertilization as the normal cellular fertilization events still need to occur after the sperm is placed inside the egg.