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Bring Miracle of Life Step by Step with In vitro fertilization(IVF)
What is IVF?
IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is an effective form of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The procedure involves combining thousands of sperm with an egg to allow fertilization outside a woman’s body to create embryos that can be transferred back into her uterus. This hi-tech approach is advantageous for couples who want to grow their families despite its complexity.
At Veda Fertility Centre, our team do comprehensive investigations before advising IVF as the logical next step when theconservative measures fail. However, if you go ahead with this option, our experts will provide you with honest advice and ensure necessary preparations to optimize your chances of success as quickly and cost-effectively as possible.
How does IVF Work?
A complete IVF cycle typically lasts several weeks from the beginning to the end and consists of numerous small phases. While your doctor will take the time to make you understand the entire procedure, each phase will go as follows:
- Ovarian stimulation – You will be given hormone injections regularly during the stimulation procedure, which generally lasts 8-14 days. Our staff will constantly evaluate the ovarian response by using vaginal ultrasound and blood estrogen tests. The next step is to give an HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) trigger shot to help ovaries release the eggs for harvest.
- Egg retrieval – This is an outpatient procedure, usually done under a mild dose of anesthesia through ultrasound-guided surgery. The procedure usually takes 20 minutes. On average, 8–12 eggs are collected, depending on various factors, including age and medical conditions. Your partner will also provide a ‘fresh’ self-collected semen sample during this appointment.
- Fertilization– Following egg collection, our embryologist will carefully evaluate the egg condition and begin the fertilization process in the ART lab. In most cases, we use the standard in-vitro insemination process to fertilize the egg with healthy sperm naturally. But, if your partner has low sperm counts or suffers abnormalities of the sperm, we may use an additional procedure called ICSI (intra cytoplasmic sperm injection). As the name suggests, in this procedure, the embryologist directly injects sperm into the egg to significantly enhance your odds of fertilization.
- Embryo growth– Once fertilized, the resulting embryos are allowed to divide over the next 5-6 days and are frequently screened for chromosomal abnormalities. Remember that not all embryos survive to this stage, and the one that successfully does are either used fresh or frozen for the future IVF cycle.
- Embryo transfer– It is the final IVF process. At this point, the developed embryo is transferred back into the uterus, hoping to result in a pregnancy. Generally, only one embryo is transferred using a speculum inserted through the woman’s vagina and cervix.
The procedure does not require anesthesia and resembles a PAP smear; however, you must have a full bladder so that your physician using an abdominal ultrasound can pinpoint where embryos need to be placed. After the procedure, the woman can resume her normal routine.
- Post transfer care–Our doctors will prescribe hormonal medication and blood tests to determine if the IVF cycle has been successful and pregnancy is achieved. If the cycle is successful, hormone medication will continue for at least another month.
Note: The first pregnancy test is done 10-14 days after the embryo transfer.
When to consider IVF treatment?
We know choosing IVF can be a rollercoaster ride for you. However, this advanced procedure can sidestep many potential barriers to pregnancy and thus is highly recommended by doctors under these following conditions:
• Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
• Male factor infertility
• Unexplained fertility problems
• Ovarian-related problems
• Age-related infertility
• Recurrent miscarriages
• Low ovarian reserves
Set Up Your First Appointment with Veda Fertility Centre
If you have questions or concerns about in vitro fertilization, don’t hesitate to contact our team. Call us today to schedule your first appointment and make your dream come true.